Human Capital and Preparedness of Converging Technologies
In the world 4.1Billion people have no internet access, 2.4Billion no water or sanitation.and 1.2Billion have no access to electricity and 600Million farmers who have not gone through the 1st Industrial Revolution.
“Will our children ask us why we didn’t act?”
“Or will they ask us how we found the courage and rallied the resources to rise up and change?”
We have a mission to start a new methodology of political organization (participatory and based on inclusion and proportional representation), leadership (fixed term for leadership), and new plans (based on immediate national needs and their implementation).
Samriddha Nepal (Prosperous Nepal), Samanupatic Nepal (Proportionate Nepal), Swadhin Nepal (Sovereign Nepal), Sushashit Nepal (well-governed Nepal) and Samunnat Samajwadi Nepal (enriched socialist Nepal).
Five " S " is holistic in approach. It is a process of reconstruction and development in various dimensions of a nation and development of individuals. How do we citizens of Nepal walk through holistic processes??
Five " S " is holistic in approach. It is a process of reconstruction and development in various dimensions of a nation and development of individuals.: A holistic view is aspired in understanding the stakeholders’ livelihoods as a whole, with all its facets, by a manageable model that helps to identify the most pressing constraints people have to face.
The immediate agenda of new is to form an alternate political party grounded on principles of national sovereignty, prosperity, accountability/transparency, sustainability, and inclusive participatory democracy. Not limiting itself to being a political party, NSN will also be an alternative political movement for the fulfillment of new demands of a new era. It must adorn Nepali politics with honest and ideal strategies, policies, methods and culture. It shall be a socialism-oriented left-democratic force. It's main commitments, in the form of five "Ss", are as follows:
Protection and advancement of Nepal's sovereignty and territorial integrity is our foremost commitment. We shall forever keep the complete sovereignty and freedom of the country and its people at our forefront. Through a skillful/efficient management of the peculiar geo-strategic location of Nepal—situated between two big nations, India and China—we will exercise a national security and foreign policy that corresponds to the contemporary era, and that shall contribute to the nation's dignity and honor. For this, we shall follow a policy of utilizing benefits from the rapid economic development of the two neighboring countries—India and China—and make Nepal prosperous and intra-dependent. Instead of the old reading of Nepal as a "yam between two boulders", we shall create a new portrait of Nepal that is a "dynamic bridge between two developing neighbors". By strengthening internal national unity and economic prosperity, we shall espouse 'progressive nationalism' that aims to end our longstanding dependency. We shall contribute to world peace by maintaining equal and friendly relationship based on mutual benefits with all countries.
- Equitable Prosperity
A primary aim and rationale of NSN is to transform Nepal into a prosperous and happy nation in our own lifespan. We want that—within ten years, there be an end of absolute poverty and unemployment—within twenty years, the country should reach a medial development level—within forty years, the country should be at the pinnacle of prosperity. We will pursue a policy of economic growth wedded with employment generation and social justice. For this, we—together with inputs from experts as well as the private sector—shall prepare a program of economic development and prosperity, and shall implement it with ardent speed and intensity. Moreover, we shall espouse a unique and realistic development policy that will ensure that the fruits of development reach all class, region and community in an equitable manner, that is based on an appropriate collaboration between the state and private sector, that contributes towards the balanced development of agriculture, industry and service sectors, that fairly incorporates both labor and technology as well as domestic and international investment. Environmental protection and sustainable development will be the cornerstone of our developmental policy. Attention will also be paid to the mental happiness/peace of people alongside their material prosperity. We will not indulge in hollow sloganeering and rhetoric; we believe in actual practice. We will build a prosperous and equitable Nepal not in some remote future but in our own lifetime.
3.Inclusive, Proportional Representative, Participatory Democracy
Another important commitment of NSN is to transform the existing formal and ritualistic exercise of democracy, both within the party and the state, into an inclusive, proportional representative and participatory democracy that reflects the country's peculiar situation and demands. We will be fully committed to the foundational principles of a republic, federalism, secularism and inclusive proportional representative democracy. We will ensure inclusive proportional representation of varied class, nationality, region, gender and other marginalized communities from the himalayan, hilly as well as the tarai-madhes belts, in all party and state organs. We will pay special attention to the representation of youths in all areas. To end the prevailing utterly centralized autocratic character of parties and the state, we shall practice direct and participatory democracy. To end the hegemony and abuse of power by some individual and/or family, we shall practice the principles of—one person, one executive post, and two tenures—right to reject and right to recall elected representative.
We believe that the mixed electoral system and parliamentary system of rule that have been adopted in the current Nepali constitution will not bring political stability in Nepal, and without political stability it is impossible to achieve economic development and prosperity. The above-mentioned systems need to be changed, and for that the constitution must be amended. For this, Citizens should conduct a nation-wide campaign for the separation of legislative and executive functions so that there will be proportional electoral system for the legislative assembly and direct electoral system for the executive.
Putting Humanware at the centre
To carry out entire process we need to understand details of these four components - Technoware, Humanware, Orgaware and Infoware which inter connected as ZigSaw puzzle and need to have balance of these four components. These technologies are managed through cutting edge technology. Leaders of developed nations who have resources to execute continuous research and developing countries who don’t have resources will tend to import technology. The leaders of poor countries need to have very deep understanding of what kind of technologies they are trying to import. These poor countries will not be able to negotiate for a good technology need if they don’t have good understanding of the needs. These countries should have close watch over technology development, research and development, technology transfer, intellectual property right, licensing etc. Strategic decisions should be made so that decisions are made on the correct technology which is aligned with business strategy of the organizations. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR ) funds also get affected with the collective understanding of businesses of organizations and technology adoption in real time
Closing the gender gap
The evolving new ideas sits at the center of the SDG framework as the fulcrum to lifting all the others. SDG5 is about the empowerment of women and girls worldwide. There is no hope for achieving the SDGs unless SDG5 is central to the agenda. If women and girls are empowered to lead campaigns for human flourishing, all the other SDGs will rise. Are the rural citizens of Nepal aware of this opportunity?
Open platform movements such as the SDG5 Global Alliance have been created to promote aspirational examples of women who are leading the way in getting things done. The Fifth Industrial Revolution must include the strategic voice of women in leadership. Are the women from rural sectors of Nepal aware of this opportunity?
Businesses, through best practices in hiring and development and other kinds of support, will be essential facilitators.
4. Good Governance, Good Conduct
The main elements that shall distinguish NFN from the old parties are good governance and good/moral conduct. This is important because politics and corruption have become synonymous with each other in Nepal today. Many surveys have shown that political parties and politicians are some of the most corrupt institutions/people in the country. Similarly, bureaucracy, judiciary and security bodies have become hubs of corruption and unaccountability. Therefore, one of the major responsibilities of NSN will be to rescue politics and public services from the quagmire of corruption, and uphold good governance and good conduct. To achieve this, first, we want to redefine politics as a way of conducting voluntary social service and not as some private career-building project. We shall maintain transparency, accountability, rule of law and zero tolerance to corruption in all our conducts and financial transactions. If any cases of corruption, misconduct or fraudulence be found and proved against any of our leaders or cadres, immediate action shall be taken against them. Simple lifestyle, humble behavior, respect for labor, social harmony and progressive culture shall be the cultural identity of NSN. Independent and impartial ombudsman groups will be formed at different levels of our party to evaluate our conducts and to run inquiries on public allegations against our leaders or carders, the decisions of which shall be unequivocally accepted/implemented by the party. We will do as we speak—selflessly, in favor of the people.
Nepal has only recently entered into a capitalist stage after battling out of an autocratic unitary feudal system. However, feudal remnants still pervade our economic, social and cultural arena. Therefore, our immediate task is to eliminate these feudal remnants, develop national industrial capital as well as to improvise and rectify bourgeois democracy. However, we also acknowledge that it is not an easy or simple task for a small underdeveloped nation like ours to build an independent national industrial capitalism, given the current world schema of globalized monopoly capitalism. In such a context, capitalism is more likely to be characterized by dependency and cronyism that increases class and regional inequality. Therefore, it is important to transform the nascent national industrial capitalism towards the path of socialism. The state must be responsible for guaranteeing education and health services for all, as well as for providing social security. However, a repetition or reproduction of state-controlled or autocratic socialist models of the twentieth century is impossible today. Therefore, in accordance with the demands of the twenty first century and the specificities of Nepalese situation, NSN will develop a new model of enriched socialism. This attempt will be based on furthering the methodology/principle of dialectical and historical materialism as propounded by Marx and developed by other thinkers. This will not be a socialism that is enforced from above, or one that distributes poverty, nor will it be an autocratic system that is centered on an individual. Rather, this socialism will be built from below, will distribute prosperity, will unfetter the individual's initiative, and will be participatory. NSN's immediate task will be to focus on the development of national industrial capital and lay the foundations of enriched socialism. New Force Nepal is not a non-ideological group of people. Rather, it will be a transformative progressive force that will embrace and build upon human being's latest achievements in areas of knowledge and science.
A central issue of the approach is the recognition of everyone's inherent potential for his/her removal of constraints and realization of potentials. Intellectuals of Nepal have to lead in this nation by Identifying these strengths rather than the needs and problems is the starting point of this approach, in order to contribute to the stakeholders’ robustness and ability to achieve their own objectives. As people are often affected from decisions at the macro policy level and vice-versa, this relation needs to be considered in order to achieve sustainable development.
Targets for progress
The third beacon of hope is the increasing prominence of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs provide history’s first universal matrix for achieving a flourishing future. Adopted by the heads of governments from 193 UN member states, the SDG framework addresses the key physical facets of life in our global village – social, environmental and economic.
According to United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)’s World Investment Report 2014, an estimated annual investment of $3.9 trillion is required to achieve the SDGs. Currently, there is an estimated $2.5 trillion annual gap. But businesses are rallying. This is evident in advancing public-private partnerships (PPPs) that are gaining momentum as a model for sustainable impact initiatives. Helpful frameworks for leadership are being widely adopted by various sectors, such as this one in the impact investing community:
“Purpose is not the sole pursuit of profits but the animating force for achieving them“. “. Profits are in no way inconsistent with purpose – in fact, profits and purpose are inextricably linked.”
Beyond investing, businesses will need to think outside of the box to engage more than $2 trillion in brand marketing budgets to help advance the common good. One example of this gaining global attention is Fifth Element Group’s Good Exchange model. A Good Exchange is a marketing framework by which a brand engages its consumers with content activation that unlocks a donation to a cause that matters to both the brand and the consumer. The consumers become the media beacons for brand and cause-connected content, so that a growing portion of brand funds can flow to cause, rather than to media intermediaries.
Companies like Fifth Element are creating traffic on the bridge between key performance indicators (KPIs) and SDG-aligned social impact. These “omniwin” models, when supported by clear and compelling case study data, are changing the traditional marketing mix at many companies, and producing PPP opportunities.
Scaling and spreading
SDG-aligned movements are going global and becoming increasingly democratized. SDG-aligned leadership is emerging in countries such as India, which is experiencing an historically unprecedented demographic dividend of young people with a keen desire for a better world.
Forward-thinking international companies are taking note. Tech leader IBM, for example, is recruiting 200,000 girls into STEM learning programs in India to help change the gender imbalance in the tech sector. Tata Trusts, the philanthropic arm of the Tata conglomerate, is spearheading solutions to the country’s water and sanitation crisis through PPPs.
New platforms are reflecting the democratized nature of the push toward the SDGs. The People’s Prize, for example, was recently announced at the Skoll World Forum in Oxford. It’s a new series of SDG-focused social entrepreneurship prizes offering hundreds of thousands of dollars to incentivize innovation teams that demonstrate to people around the world why their project should be funded to scale. Like other crowdfunding platforms, this is just one of several prizes that are moving beyond “black box” judging panels, shifting decision-making instead to an emerging class of micro-donors. It’s an encouraging and important trend.
There are professional groups who work to help businesses move from a “for-profit” to a “for-benefit” operating model. Collectively, their stakeholders are their shareholders, but their stakeholders are also their employees, their customers and more broadly the people and planet impacted by their work.
The challenges are clear. But so is the opportunity. They can create a new socio-economic era that closes historic gaps in last mile inclusion and engages the “bottom billion” in creating quantum leaps for humanity, and for a better planet.
The world needs a Fifth Industrial Revolution to flower like a new Renaissance Age. It will be marked by creativity and common purpose, as we together work to bend progress and profits toward purpose and inclusivity. Will Nepalese citizens collectively work towards such goal?. The education policy of Nepal has to be reformed in orders to upgrade the quality of education in Nepal in order to have resources of such background.
Policies, institutions and processes can determine access to assets and influence decision making processes. Have citizens of Nepal been able to choose right people at the decision-making places? How much aware are our citizen?
We should fight against corruption in all forms: e.g. corruption in government office, Judicial system, Army and police, then the social and moral corruption rampant in Nepali society.
“Most of the conferences focus on ‘the next big tech thing’ and what it can do”, “often to the exclusion of the utility and impact the technology will have on society.”
“what the next ‘smart money’ tech trend “
“it is not blockchain, bitcoin, or AI. It is humanity.”
Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Augmented Reality and more such technologies have changed the technological landscape like never before. Let’s not forget how Artificial Intelligence has tremendously transformed, customer experience, in recent years.
The fourth industrial revolution brought in better communication and connectivity across the globe. It saw the advent of intelligent technologies like robotics, blockchain, IoT, and more.
Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Augmented Reality and more such technologies have changed the technological landscape like never before. Let’s not forget how Artificial Intelligence has tremendously transformed, customer experience, in recent years. Here’s a look!
In the Fifth Industrial Revolution, humans and machines will dance together, metaphorically. At Davos 2019, an event sponsored by Forbes, MIT and Tata had the theme “Blockchain+AI+Human = Magic”. This equation seems impossible to some, but it can, and will, prove true. AI will help increase human labour productivity. Blockchain will help give access to banking (and intangible forms of capital) to the unbanked. Robots will help humans align returns on investment (ROI) with purpose. But it will require intentionality and moral clarity. Is the education ministry concerned about introducing reskilling programs at academic center in Nepal as per the changes according to global scenario??
Youth and engagement
Within government structure of Nepal if there is will among politicians large numbers of government #DIGITALProjectsOfNepal and #EngineeringProjectsOfNepal can be generated in order to improve governance function of #NewNepal. If Nepalese citizens demand for good governance all the youth forces specially with technical back ground will get great opportunities to gain national experiences in order to get qualified for international experiences. LinkedIn engine has 48000 sectors for getting experienced people networked with global opportunities.
Have citizens of Nepal ever wondered how governments work??
Have citizens of Nepal ever thought about what it would take to make it better??
Nepal need to speed up development in education, health, agriculture, tourism, trade and various other sectors using Information Technology.
I have been raising voice on this new model since past five years and have been instrumental in making people of Nepalese institutions specially state owned institutions to start re structuring institutions for organization delivery effectiveness. When all other countries have succeeded in implementing such model Nepal has no choice but to go for such processes because the entire world has become globe village. We are now very fortunate to have smart young youth forces ready to get integrated in this new proposed model.
Many projects can be generated in Nepal. For example :
The insurance as a service for poor people in Nepal is possible if IT professionals work with the stakeholders of this industry. However there is lack of proper consciousness and training on peoples and policy makers. Insurance education should be made compulsory. There is lack of skillful and competent officials. Market of insurance in Nepal will grow if weak economic condition of the most of the people are addressed.
I have been encouraging people, policy makers and academia to think seriously about this issue through this video of mine which covers about insurance also.
“The Fourth Industrial Revolution”, focusing on how emerging technologies could disrupt industries, labour markets, societies and governments, and how technology can be used to empower communities to create a human-centred future.
It focuses on both hype and fear around emerging technologies which often treat people as either completely dominated by tech or completely in control. Putting humans at the center means three things: distributing benefits, managing externalities, and ensuring that technology directly and indirectly empowers and augments the uniquely human aspects of ourselves.
How can we ensure that technology helps us to be more human? Does technology de-humanize us? Working back from what it means to be human in the first place.
Humans as technological beings.
Three fears: Becoming redundant? Scared of division? Too distributed? Jobs don't really disappear. Tasks just change dramatically. What Technology gives the equality to all. What the Fifth Industrial Revolution is and why it matters
Global citizens should be focused on the looming global climate crisis, and is frustrated about the world’s neglect of a catastrophic problem. But a still larger – and related – issue is illustrated by the march of successive industrial revolutions that the modern world has witnessed. Each has intensified the risks of dehumanizing economic progress, to the point that we now face an existential threat in both environmental and humanitarian terms.
The advance of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (robotics, artificial intelligence, augmented reality, virtual reality and the like) has produced a developing scenario in which the service of humanity seems too often eclipsed by the momentum of technology and commerce. This challenge has been highlighted recently, as some of the leading innovators of the Fourth Industrial Revolution have begun to relinquish their intellectual property because of the risks to them as the owners of it. These captains of the Fourth Revolution surmise that the new technologies have the capacity to be an Orwellian “enemy of the people”. Meanwhile, our economic engines continue to roar and belch proverbial smoke into the air, as the world’s population grows and the ideals of human flourishing are left wanting.
Indeed, in many ways we are unprepared to meet the challenges ahead. According to The Future of Jobs Report 2016, 65% of children entering education today will end up in careers that don’t yet exist, and much of this will be attributable to the rapid advancements of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Should Nepal government be serious about reforming the policy of education service deliveries.
Profit with purpose
First, there has been an unprecedented connection of business to purpose. In an ironic way, at the moment that capitalism is more derided than ever in many circles, business is emerging as the world’s most powerful and active force for doing good. Consumers are demanding it, and many businesses are responding, with sustainability-minded brands winning market share.
Fifth Revolution. In contrast to trends in the Fourth Revolution toward dehumanization, technology and innovation best practices are being bent back toward the service of humanity by the champions of the Fifth.
There is a serious need of initiating in collaboration with development partners to sensitize targeted stakeholders to gain an understanding of the potential for and risks of converging technologies for accelerating human capital in Nepal.. There is a need to explore and vet the possible technology entry points – such as digital platforms, enabling digital access, local content, technology and data governance, community innovation etc. Serious discussion is required regarding the constraints facing Nepal today which limit the use of technologies for equitable human capital development and help begin to identify some strategic and workable conversing technology policy and program directions for Nepal that would help to quickly propel human capital development.
Nepal has prepared a Digital Framework 2019. In addition, there are specific plans in health, education, and social protection sectors that are currently either being extended or revised taking into account post-covid reality. In social protection sector, for example, there is ongoing/ planned strategic work around digital payments as well as the recently approved national ID strategy. There is a serious requirement of engaging Think Tanks of the country to explore strategic opportunities to ensure that converging technologies are integrated into public sector policies, plans and programs in effective and equitable ways. Some of these technologies are already being used by the private sector but not extensively for human capital development. There is a further need to identify constraints that prevent the effective implementation at the ground level, including the sectoral silos that need to be opened up to incorporate these technologies to produce greater impact. And this is particularly pertinent in the context of implementing policies and programs in the relatively new (and fragile) federal structure, in which converging technologies could potentially offer more effective pathways to improve service delivery.
In the context of specially pandemic and climate change challenges, there is urgency of reversing losses caused by the COVID pandemic; leveraging the cultural shift that has occurred in the use of technology in the human development sectors, but also the difficulties that have been revealed; and preparing for future shocks as well as adjusting to climate change.
Think tanks need to engage with representatives of government, private sector, academics, NGOs international development partners in sensitizing the key stakeholders on the findings of some priority entry points to focus on going forward.
The converging technology revolution comprises the synergistic combination of four groups of technologies: information technology, bio-technology, nanotechnology and cognitive technologies. They go beyond digital technologies, although they are underpinned by the latter. Data is central to the converging technology revolution; a unique feature is the integration of data from the human, physical, biological and cyber worlds. High speed computing power and connectivity are the other two factors powering this revolution. These characteristics drive both the potential and the risks from the converging technology revolution. The development of Artificial Intelligence (AI), itself a combination of information technology and cognitive science and made possible by the availability of vast amounts of data, cheap high speed computing power and ubiquitous connectivity, is further enabling and driving the converging technology revolution. These developments have profound implications for human capital – creating the possibility of rapid accumulation of human capital through technological innovations in education (e.g., by improving learning quality), health (e.g., by improving stunting or reducing non-communicable diseases) and social protection (e.g., by addressing informality of the labor force) sectors; as well as supporting sectors such as agriculture, water, energy, sectors critical for Nepal’s development.
The critical issues or questions to explore include:
- How can these technologies be used to improve service delivery in the HD sectors and other contributing sectors that help build human capital (agriculture etc.)? In particular, how can these technologies be deployed in a federal context where local levels have limited knowledge, capacity, infrastructure, etc.?
- What do they mean for the world of work and for building capacity to adapt technologies and innovate in Nepal’s context, especially in the context of climate change and building back greener and better?
- How will voice, agency and empowerment be ensured for women, poor and marginalized communities, in the face of technological dominance by a few actors? These and other topics will be discussed during these facilitated workshops with targeted audiences.
The role of expert think tanks backed by nationally recognized advisors in various sectors including experts who have already played a significant and innovative role in their areas of expertise. interest and passion, and prior innovative and leadership role in their areas. Audience should includerepresentatives from the government, the development partners, academics, innovators, and the private sector to explore details on HD sector challenges facing Nepal. Input from the government counterparts and others and identify in ongoing efforts that are using technology for service delivery and any lessons learned. Input from the private sector will help to better understand how they can help to meet the human capital challenges using converging technologies, and what constraints need to be addressed for them to perform more effectively.
Input is required from mayors who are keen to integrate various technologies within their jurisdictions, as well as the expert panel. Details are required regarding the role of the central government, the provincial and mayoral authorities, and the private sector. Sensitize mayors and provincial decision makers on steps in implementation within their jurisdictions.