Cyber crime and governance system of Nepal

With the large development of Information Technology the criminal activities are also increasing.

Cyber crimes like Software Piracy, Hacking etc. are increasing.

In these approximately 5 years of declaration of Cyber Law, even a single percentage of crimes are not controlled. So there are still many doubts on successful implementation. Because Nepalese think “Laws are made to be broken”. This current Cyber Law has failed to address many problems. The law is not strict enough for the holistic deception of Cyber related crimes. 

There is an urgent need of deployment of 5G infrastructure supported by BIG DATA Scientists, Data Analysts, Behavior scientists to analyse the profiles of all the concerned stakeholders including key members of Nepal Rastra Bank, International Financial Institutions, Banker Association of Nepal, Nepal Tourism Board, Hotel Association Nepal, Travel Agency Association, Ministry of Tourism, Council of Cooperatives, Association of Insurance companies, Computer Association of Nepal, Criminal Investigation Board, Nepal Police, Nepalese Embassies, Foreign Ministries, Regional and International expert communities etc. There should be capacity building programs for citizens of Nepal in order to generate empowered society who will be able to respond to all disasters in Nepal.

Tourists are getting affected already. One tourist from Chicago lost US $ Nine Thousand because of hacking during his travel to Nepal and lodged a complaint in CIB a month ago. He has not heard any thing on the investigation process so far. Losses due to cyber attacks are high. I am hearing other similar cases of tourists being cheated in Nepal.

All concerned stakeholders including international parties should come together and act without loosing time. Cyber crime is on rise, with attacker using more sophisticated hacking technologies to break through financial sector defense system. I respect the engineering professors in Nepal because they are the brightest and smartest people in the country. There is an urgent need of integrating these resources including cyber security experts in the government structure. It is creating havoc in the economy and the society of the country. We should motivate youngsters for the positive change.

Nepal need to speed up development in education, health, agriculture, tourism, trade and various other sectors using Information Technology.

In this country who cares about the quality and law?

Youth and engagement

Within government structure of Nepal if there is will among politicians large numbers of government #DIGITALProjectsOfNepal and #EngineeringProjectsOfNepal can be generated in order to improve governance function of #NewNepal. If Nepalese citizens demand for good governance all the youth forces specially with technical back ground will get great opportunities to gain national experiences in order to get qualified for international experiences. LinkedIn engine has 48000 sectors for getting experienced people networked with global opportunities.

Have citizens of Nepal ever wondered how governments work??

Have citizens of Nepal ever thought about what it would take to make it better?? 

There is a need of new model of functioning of the governance system of Nepal. We need to move away from the traditional functioning of the political parties in the country, which is still monolithic, centralized in structure, power-centric and not inclusive enough. Heavy participation by intellectual circles are encouraged to be part of system so that this new proposed model are well implemented within country and are adopted by other developed countries where their existing models are failing.

We need to focus on economic revolution for some decades. We will basically focus on economic prosperity, inclusion, participatory democracy, good governance and protection of our independence and sovereignty. We need to implement the new constitution to achieve the goal of new economic revolution. Unless we overcome the problems of poverty and lessen foreign dependency, we cannot prevent the dangers of conflict and neither can we ward off the threat to our sovereignty.

In the present context, all existing parties with their old methodology of leadership, party functioning and structure and plans are not able to address the challenges of the 21st century—the demand of entering a new stage of development where the productivity of all citizens need to be unleashed to create a society with equal opportunities for all. Youth of this nation are excited about the new alternative model proposed and feel that this new proposed model will bring more sustainable delivery in the nation.

The society we are trying create will promote individual initiative and ensure social security.. Culturally speaking, it is going to adopt a new political culture of transparency, respecting the value of labour and unity in diversity. It will encourage all cultures, which will help in doing away with the remnants of feudal relations and values, and unleash the productive forces of society to move it towards enriched socialism.

It will provide proportionate representation in the party to the three major clusters of nationalities, the Khas-Arya, the Tibeto-Burman or indigenous nationalities and the Madhesi-Tharu. There are countries who follow human rights-based approach to development aims to ensure that even the poorest know their rights and are able to exercise them, Nepal is way behind. Poor people of Nepal are not aware of their rights and are not able to exercise them. They should be given platform for experiential learning for capacity building process. We citizens of Nepal from intellectual circle have to ensure that even the poorest know their rights and are able to exercise them.

NSN represents five ‘s’s : Samriddha Nepal (Prosperous Nepal), Samanupatic Nepal (Proportionate Nepal), Swadhin Nepal (Sovereign Nepal), Sushashit Nepal (well-governed Nepal) and Samunnat Samajwadi Nepal (enriched socialist Nepal).

The NSN has a mission to start a new methodology of political organisation (participatory and based on inclusion and proportional representation), leadership (fixed term for leadership), and new plans (based on immediate national needs and their implementation).

Five " S " is holistic in approach. It is a process of reconstruction and development in various dimensions of a nation and development of individuals.: A holistic view is aspired in understanding the stakeholders’ livelihoods as a whole, with all its facets, by a manageable model that helps to identify the most pressing constraints people have to face.

The immediate agenda of New Force Nepal (NFN) campaign is to form an alternate political party grounded on principles of national sovereignty, prosperity, accountability/transparency, sustainability, and inclusive participatory democracy. Not limiting itself to being a political party, NFN will also be an alternative political movementfor the fulfillment of new demands of a new era. It must adorn Nepali politics with honest and ideal strategies, policies, methods and culture. It shall be a socialism-oriented left-democratic force. It's main commitments, in the form of five "Sa", are as follows:

1. Sovereignty

Protection and advancement of Nepal's sovereignty and territorial integrity is our foremost commitment. We shall forever keep the complete sovereignty and freedom of the country and its people at our forefront. Through a skillful/efficient management of the peculiar geo-strategic location of Nepal—situated between two big nations, India and China—we will exercise a national security and foreign policy that corresponds to the contemporary era, and that shall contribute to the nation's dignity and honor. For this, we shall follow a policy of utilizing benefits from the rapid economic development of the two neighboring countries—India and China—and make Nepal prosperous and intra-dependent. Instead of the old reading of Nepal as a "yam between two boulders", we shall create a new portrait of Nepal that is a "dynamic bridge between two developing neighbors". By strengthening internal national unity and economic prosperity, we shall espouse 'progressive nationalism' that aims to end our longstanding dependency. We shall contribute to world peace by maintaining equal and friendly relationship based on mutual benefits with all countries.

2. Equitable Prosperity

A primary aim and rationale of NFN is to transform Nepal into a prosperous and happy nation in our own lifespan. We want that—within ten years, there be an end of absolute poverty and unemployment—within twenty years, the country should reach a medial development level—within forty years, the country should be at the pinnacle of prosperity. We will pursue a policy of economic growth wedded with employment generation and social justice. For this, we—together with inputs from experts as well as the private sector—shall prepare a program of economic development and prosperity, and shall implement it with ardent speed and intensity. Moreover, we shall espouse a unique and realistic development policy that will ensure that the fruits of development reach all class, region and community in an equitable manner, that is based on an appropriate collaboration between the state and private sector, that contributes towards the balanced development of agriculture, industry and service sectors, that fairly incorporates both labour and technology as well as domestic and international investment. Environmental protection and sustainable development will be the cornerstone of our developmental policy. Attention will also be paid to the mental happiness/peace of people alongside their material prosperity. We will not indulge in hollow sloganeering and rhetoric; we believe in actual practice. We will build a prosperous and equitable Nepal not in some remote future but in our own lifetime.

3. Inclusive, Proportional Representative, Participatory Democracy

Another important commitment of NFN is to transform the existing formal and ritualistic exercise of democracy, both within the party and the state, into an inclusive, proportional representative and participatory democracy that reflects the country's peculiar situation and demands. We will be fully committed to the foundational principles of a republic, federalism, secularism and inclusive proportional representative democracy. We will ensure inclusive proportional representation of varied class, nationality, region, gender and other marginalized communities from the himalayan, hilly as well as the tarai-madhes belts, in all party and state organs. We will pay special attention to the representation of youths in all areas. To end the prevailing utterly centralized autocratic character of parties and the state, we shall practice direct and participatory democracy. To end the hegemony and abuse of power by some individual and/or family, we shall practice the principles of—one person, one executive post, and two tenures—right to reject and right to recall elected representative.

We believe that the mixed electoral system and parliamentary system of rule that have been adopted in the current Nepali constitution will not bring political stability in Nepal, and without political stability it is impossible to achieve economic development and prosperity. The above-mentioned systems need to be changed, and for that the constitution must be amended. For this, NFN will conduct a nation-wide campaign for the separation of legislative and executive functions so that there will be proportional electoral system for the legislative assembly and direct electoral system for the executive.

4. Good Governance, Good Conduct

The main elements that shall distinguish NFN from the old parties are good governance and good/moral conduct. This is important because politics and corruption have become synonymous with each other in Nepal today. Many surveys have shown that political parties and politicians are some of the most corrupt institutions/people in the country. Similarly, bureaucracy, judiciary and security bodies have become hubs of corruption and unaccountability. Therefore, one of the major responsibilities of NFN will be to rescue politics and public services from the quagmire of corruption, and uphold good governance and good conduct. To achieve this, first, we want to redefine politics as a way of conducting voluntary social service and not as some private career-building project. We shall maintain transparency, accountability, rule of law and zero tolerance to corruption in all our conducts and financial transactions. If any cases of corruption, misconduct or fraudulence be found and proved against any of our leaders or cadres, immediate action shall be taken against them. Simple lifestyle, humble behavior, respect for labor, social harmony and progressive culture shall be the cultural identity of NFN. Independent and impartial ombudsman groups will be formed at different levels of our party to evaluate our conducts and to run enquiries on public allegations against our leaders or carders, the decisions of which shall be unequivocally accepted/implemented by the party. We will do as we speak—selflessly, in favor of the people.

5. Enriched/Enhanced Socialism

Nepal has only recently entered into a capitalist stage after battling out of an autocratic unitary feudal system. However, feudal remnants still pervade our economic, social and cultural arena. Therefore, our immediate task is to eliminate these feudal remnants, develop national industrial capital as well as to improvise and rectify bourgeois democracy. However, we also acknowledge that it is not an easy or simple task for a small underdeveloped nation like ours to build an independent national industrial capitalism, given the current world schema of globalized monopoly capitalism. In such a context, capitalism is more likely to be characterized by dependency and cronyism that increases class and regional inequality. Therefore, it is important to transform the nascent national industrial capitalism towards the path of socialism. The state must be responsible for guaranteeing education and health services for all, as well as for providing social security. However, a repetition or reproduction of state-controlled or autocratic socialist models of the twentieth century is impossible today. Therefore, in accordance with the demands of the twenty first century and the specificities of Nepalese situation, NFN will develop a new model of enriched socialism. This attempt will be based on furthering the methodology/principle of dialectical and historical materialism as propounded by Marx and developed by other thinkers. This will not be a socialism that is enforced from above, or one that distributes poverty, nor will it be an autocratic system that is centered on an individual. Rather, this socialism will be built from below, will distribute prosperity, will unfetter the individual's initiative, and will be participatory. NFN's immediate task will be to focus on the development of national industrial capital and lay the foundations of enriched socialism. New Force Nepal is not a non-ideological group of people. Rather, it will be a transformative progressive force that will embrace and build upon human being's latest achievements in areas of knowledge and science.

A central issue of the approach is the recognition of everyone's inherent

potential for his/her removal of constraints and realization of potentials. Intellectuals of Nepal have to lead in this nation by Identifying these strengths rather than the needs and problems is the starting point of this approach, in order to contribute to the stakeholders’ robustness and ability to achieve their own objectives. . As people are often affected from decisions at the macro policy level and vice-versa, this relation needs to be considered in order to achieve sustainable development. Intellectuals of Nepal have the capacity to emerge as ANALYSTS in these areas. BIG DATA SCIENTISTS are available to generate ANALYTICS and these resources are not tapped by policy makers of Nepal.

Policies, institutions and processes can determine access to assets and influence decision making processes. Have citizens of Nepal been able to choose right people at the decision making places? How much aware are our citizen ?

Time is running out.

Students, policy makers, lawyers, legislative and judiciary bodies and professors : We need technologies that go beyond the traditional human operators writing rules. We need to use the power of the ecosystem to find new patterns, machine learning to uncover subtle signals and big data tools to help humans analysts work better and faster to meet these new threats. We need to identify the platform that meets these needs. We need to build capacities to trace a real world complex threat.

What kind of exercises on Data Analytics are done in the context of Nepal ??Resources and data analysis capacity are primary constraints to using data more often and/or more effectively for planning and decision-making in Nepal. It is difficult for officials to “get from raw to final data” in their analyses. Vast majority of government data products are tabular reports, incorporating limited analysis and few recommendations.

Nepal has no much data in digital form.. only in papers,registers, and in dhadda.

Google holds crowd source programs and for this we can initiate and improve our Nepali context and data by simply using the Google crowd source app there are diverse feild in which we can contribute but for our precise Nepali contents and translation we can Sum up in translate and handwriting recognition. How do we encourage our society to improve translation exercise?. I am talking to Lawers, UGC and political parties.